Federal, state, and municipal taxes are levied on all forms of income, including earned income, to pay for Social Security and Medicare, among other things. It is impossible to avoid taxes, but there are several ways to minimize the impact. Here are six strategies to avoid paying taxes on your income.

How To Minine Taxes On Income

Go For Municipal Bonds 

Buying a municipal bond simply gives money to a state or local government agency for a certain number of interest payments. For bonds that have reached maturity, buyers are returned in full for their initial investment amount.

If you live in a state where municipal bonds are free from federal taxes, you may also be able to avoid state and local taxes as well. Investors are drawn to municipal bonds by their tax-free interest payments. 

There is a long history of municipal bonds having lower default rates than their equivalents in the corporate market. According to an analysis of municipal bonds, the default rate for investment-grade municipal bonds was 0.1 percent from 1970 to 2019, compared to 2.25 percent for worldwide corporate issuers.

Focus on  Long-Term Capital Gains

Investing may be a powerful instrument for gaining financial independence. The advantageous tax treatment for long-term capital gains is another advantage of investing in stocks, mutual funds, bonds, and real estate.

If investors hold on to a capital asset for more than one year, they are eligible for lower capital gains tax rates ranging from 0% to 15% to 20%. The capital gain is taxed at regular income rates if the asset is held for less than a year before being sold. Long-term vs. short-term capital gains rates are crucial to achieving financial freedom. 3

On long-term capital gains, a married couple filing jointly in 2021 would pay no tax on their income below $80,800, and for a single individual below $40,400. Long-term capital gains are taxed at 0% for married couples up to $83,350 and single up to $41,675 in 2022.

You can minimize profits and increase losses by working with an experienced financial planner and investment advisor to time the sale of appreciated or depreciated securities.

Tax-loss harvesting can potentially reduce a capital gains tax payment by selling securities at a loss. If capital losses exceed capital profits, the smaller of $3,000 of the excess losses or the net capital loss can be deducted from other income. This threshold allows you to defer your capital losses to a future tax year.

Start Your Own Business

Additionally, side businesses provide several tax advantages. Many costs can be deducted from income when spent on everyday business, lowering the overall tax requirement. For self-employed people, health insurance premiums that meet specific criteria can be deducted from their taxable income. 

The home office deduction allows a company owner to deduct a portion of their home office expenditures as long as they fulfill IRS standards. It is possible to deduct a percentage of the business’s utility and internet costs from the company’s gross income. 7 The taxpayer must run their business in a way that results in a profit to be eligible for these deductions. Publication 535 outlines a variety of considerations that the IRS considers. In three of the previous five years, taxpayers are believed to be in a company for profit.

Maximize your 401(k) and other retirement accounts 

Contributions to a 401(k) or 403(b) plan up to $20,500 (increased from $19,500 in 2021) will lower taxable income in 2022. Pension contributions can be increased by up to $6,500 for those over 50. Taxable income for an employee who pays $19,500 to a 401(k) in 2021 is reduced to $80,500 if they make $100,000. Contributing up to $6,000 ($7,000 for those 50 and over) each year to a regular IRA will offer you a tax advantage in 2022 and 2021, even if you don’t have a workplace retirement plan. If you or your spouse participate in a company retirement plan, you may be able to deduct some or all of your contributions to a conventional IRA from your taxable income. 


Even though it is important to pay all taxes owed to the government, no one is required to pay more. The IRS website (IRS.gov) and reliable financial information websites can provide hundreds, if not thousands, of dollars in tax savings in only a few hours of research.